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Hand arthritis is a type of arthritis that affects the joints in the hand, including the knuckles, wrists, and fingers. It is caused by inflammation of the joint surfaces.
Symptoms of hand arthritis include pain and stiffness in the affected area, swelling of the joints, and limited range of motion.
Non-surgical treatments for hand arthritis typically include a combination of pain relievers, anti-inflammatory medications, and home remedies, such as exercise or splints, to support weak joints. However, if these don’t provide the relief you need, surgery could also be an option to consider.
If you like to discuss which treatment option is best for you, our orthopedic specialists at Georgia Hand, Shoulder & Elbow are ready to help. Our physicians can provide you with effective hand care in Marietta and Atlanta, GA. Contact us today to book an appointment!
There are over 100 different types of arthritis. The most common ones that affect the hands are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative arthritis. It develops over time with wear and tear.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that can affect multiple joints simultaneously. With this condition, the body’s own immune system attacks the lining of the joints, causing damage.
Non-surgical treatments can help you delay or avoid procedures, such as hand surgery or joint replacement surgery. They are an excellent way to slow down arthritis, reduce inflammation, and relieve pain. These are usually recommended for milder cases of hand arthritis.
Some treatments for hand arthritis can be done at home, while others are performed by a medical professional. Some of these non-surgical treatments are listed below.
There are several ways of treating hand arthritis at home. Try to combine as many as possible to gain the greatest benefits.
Try giving your arthritic joints a rest from time to time. Break long tasks into smaller intervals with rests in between.
Applying heat to your joints warms up the synovial fluid. This helps to ease stiffness and improves flexibility.
You can reduce a lot of strain on your hand joints by using some specialized products to aid you. Consider some examples below:
You can reduce inflammation in the body through your diet. An anti-inflammatory diet can be beneficial for those with rheumatoid arthritis or psoriasis arthritis. It will reduce the amount of inflammation throughout your body. An anti-inflammatory diet may include the following:
If home treatments are not enough to decrease pain, your doctor may recommend some treatments to help. Some of the treatments your physician may recommend are listed below.
Hand therapy is a very effective treatment against the symptoms of arthritis. A hand therapist can teach you how to exercise your hands, wrists, and fingers. These will help strengthen the joints, improve dexterity, and prevent your joints from getting worse.
Splints can be used to stabilize an arthritic joint in the hand, wrist, or individual knuckles. Some splints can be worn at night to help reduce hand and wrist pain that could interrupt sleep.
Compression gloves or sleeves can also help. These provide some support while allowing more movement.
Oral and topical medications are available to help relieve arthritis pain. Your doctor may prescribe the following:
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) can be helpful in reducing hand pain caused by arthritis. It works by sending weak electrical signals to distract the nerves from pain.
Injections may be used for treating arthritis when other treatments become less effective. The different types of injections available are as follows:
Consulting an orthopedic physician can help you to find solutions for hand arthritis. They will work together with you to help you resume your everyday activities.
At Georgia Hand, Shoulder & Elbow, we offer professional treatment for many hand and wrist conditions. Our specialists will assess your situation to identify suitable treatment methods to give you the pain relief you deserve.
Contact our experts today if you need hand arthritis treatment in Marietta and Atlanta, GA. We are ready to help!
Randall Alexander, MD