Most people with this condition are between 30 and 60, but it can occur at any age. Women are more likely to suffer from the condition than men. Trigger finger is more common in people with diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout. Carpal tunnel syndrome is also occasionally present.
In some cases, the symptom can be a sign of a severe medical condition (such as advanced diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis) that may need to be treated with more aggressive treatments such as medication.
Symptoms include pain, swelling, and stiffness in one or more fingers, suddenly waking up to a pinch finger feeling at night or during overuse. It can occasionally occur with tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow, or trigger thumb. The condition tends to be associated with increased pain and swelling on gripping.
The squeezing of small objects can also cause pain. It is unusual for the affected finger to lock in place, but if it does, this too may cause pain and loss of function. The symptoms may worsen with time but they may go away if not aggravated by overuse or excessive gripping (like raking leaves).
Trigger Finger is diagnosed by taking a detailed medical history from the patient and performing a physical examination. Then, we will inspect the joint surfaces of the finger and thumb and check if they have been damaged or worn down.
We will also measure the movement of your fingers and see if they are in their normal range of motion. Another important diagnostic tool is an X-ray, which will show inflammation, swelling, arthritis, or any other abnormalities that may be present in your finger joints.
There are several treatment options for trigger finger, including:
Injection therapy may be effective in treating trigger fingers. A local anesthetic and steroid are injected into the affected finger.
The injection can reduce the pain and swelling associated with the trigger finger and enable the patient to move the finger freely.
Splinting may be effective in the treatment of trigger fingers. This is accomplished by wearing a splint at night to prevent flexion at the affected joint, reducing pain, and allowing the patient’s hand to rest during sleep.
Surgery is considered for patients who have not responded to other treatment methods or if the condition has progressed to the point where it is causing considerable impairment. This means that the patient has significant trouble performing certain functions.
There is a very reliable minor procedure that can fix a trigger finger. A small incision in the palm is made to expose the sheath(which resembles an eyelet) that is responsible for the catching of the tendon. Cutting the sheath releases the tendon which allows it to move freely once again. This relieves pain and prevents the finger from locking.
To prevent aggravating your trigger finger, avoid repeated use of the particular hand or finger, especially in an overused or abused manner. If you experience a trigger finger, you should consider visiting our practice promptly.
If you have symptoms consistent with a diagnosis of this condition, give us a call or schedule an appointment with the team of doctors at Georgia Hand, Shoulder & Elbow in Atlanta or Marietta today to discuss the treatment options available to you.
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